Suicide is on the rise nationally. Last year alone, 47,000 Americans died from suicide, making it the 10th leading cause of death in the United States. Even though mental health awareness is increasing, the stigma surrounding suicide still exists. The fear of judgment or discrimination may prevent people suffering with a behavioral health issue from seeking the treatment they need. Without help or treatment, the feelings of hopelessness and loneliness may build, leading one to consider thoughts of taking their own life. Research shows that 30 to 70 percent of those who commit suicide had underlying depression or bipolar disorder.
There are often warning signs that a person may be struggling. Eight out of 10 people offer some sign they are considering suicide. People who talk about, threaten suicide or call a suicide crisis center are 30 times more likely than average to follow through with the act. Regardless of whether you know someone who’s currently struggling with mental health, it may be helpful to learn how to spot some of the signs of suicide and how to intervene.
Talking about any of the following may be a warning sign a person is considering self-harm and therefore may need urgent help.
- Feeling hopeless or feeling like they don’t have a purpose in life
- Feeling trapped or being in pain
- Being a burden to others
- Wanting to die or to kill oneself
If you notice a change in someone’s behavior in the following ways, this may also be a sign of a serious mental health issue that needs to be addressed.
- An increase in the use of alcohol or drugs
- Anxious, agitated or reckless behavior
- Abnormal sleeping, either too much or too little
- Withdrawal from society
- Rage or a seeking of revenge
- Extreme mood swings
Research shows that even talking candidly with or just being there for a person who’s in a dark mental state can help reduce their risk for suicide. If a support system or person steps in early on, it could ultimately help save a life.
Consider these tips on how you can start a conversation with them:
- Show that you’re concerned in a way that is not confrontational or judgmental. Let them know that you care about them and you’re concerned about recent changes you’ve noticed in their mood or behavior.
- Keep questions simple. Ask how they’re doing, what they’re feeling and how you can help provide support. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) is available for free on the internet and can be a helpful guide for what questions to ask.
- Suggest reaching out to a local recovery support resource. Ask if they have thought about seeking support from a professional trained to help with these types of issues. A growing number of mental health care providers offer virtual visits that can help make it easier for people to access mental health care when they need it.
- After your initial conversation, remain engaged with them and check in regularly. Having consistent support from family and friends may help make a huge difference in people’s well-being. Encourage your friend or loved one to stay in touch and even expand social interactions.
- Take action if the individual is not receptive to your help and displays intent to kill themselves. If someone is threatening to hurt themselves, searching for ways to take their life or consistently talking, writing or posting about death and suicide in a way that seems out of character, you should take action and call 9-1-1. Even though you may worry about the individual becoming angry with you, it can be the difference between life and death. That’s worth calling 9-1-1 for.
By taking these steps to be there for someone who is struggling, you can play a part in helping to save their life.
Raising awareness to reduce the stigma around mental health issues may be an important step to lowering suicide rates over the coming years.
Take a few minutes today and check into local crisis phone lines, 24/7 online support and available employer-sponsored well-being benefits.